Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Immunology
Volume 2015, Article ID 341898, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/341898
Case Report

Brain Abscess and Keratoacanthoma Suggestive of Hyper IgE Syndrome

1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Allergic Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz 7134845794, Iran
2School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 6135715794, Iran
3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmacy School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 6135715794, Iran
4Medical Student Research Committee and Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz 6135715794, Iran

Received 27 November 2014; Revised 6 March 2015; Accepted 31 March 2015

Academic Editor: Alessandro Plebani

Copyright © 2015 Soheyla Alyasin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hyper immunoglobulin-E (IgE) syndrome is an autosomal immune deficiency disease. It is characterized by an increase in IgE and eosinophil count with both T-cell and B-cell malfunction. Here, we report an 8-year-old boy whose disease started with an unusual skin manifestation. When 6 months old he developed generalized red, nontender nodules and pathologic report of the skin lesion was unremarkable (inflammatory). Then he developed a painless, cold abscess. At the age of 4 years, he developed a seronegative polyarticular arthritis. Another skin biopsy was taken which was in favor of Keratoacanthoma. Laboratory workup for immune deficiency showed high eosinophil count and high level of immunoglobulin-E, due to some diagnostic criteria (NIH sores: 41 in 9-year-olds), he was suggestive of hyper IgE syndrome. At the age of 8, the patient developed an abscess in the left inguinal region. While in hospital, the patient developed generalized tonic colonic convulsion and fever. Brain computed tomography scan revealed an abscess in the right frontal lobe. Subsequently magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain indicated expansion of the existing abscess to contralateral frontal lobe (left side). After evacuating the abscesses and administrating intravenous antibiotic, the patient’s condition improved dramatically and fever stopped.