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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2012, Article ID 358789, 3 pages
Case Report

Bacillus cereus Bloodstream Infection in a Preterm Neonate Complicated by Late Meningitis

1Department of Infectious Diseases, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, Japan
2Miroku Medical Laboratory Inc., 659-2 Innai, Saku, Nagano 384-2201, Japan

Received 2 April 2012; Accepted 2 July 2012

Academic Editors: D. L. Palazzi and S. Richardson

Copyright © 2012 Toshinobu Horii et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Central nervous system infections caused by Bacillus cereus have rarely been reported in infants. In this paper, the case of a 2-month-old low-birth-weight female who developed meningitis 45 days after resolution of a bloodstream infection (BSI) is described. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis results revealed that the patterns of both B. cereus isolates responsible for the acute meningitis and for the prior bacteraemic episode were closely related. Although the source of the infection from within the patient was not clear, it is suggested that the B. cereus BSI developed in the neonate was complicated by acute meningitis.