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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2012, Article ID 614398, 3 pages
Case Report

Infantile Amoebiasis: A Case Report

1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 6814993165, Khorramabad, Iran
2Department of Microbiology and Microbiology Research Center, Pasteur Institute, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Internal Medicine, Shohaday-e-Ashayer Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Received 4 March 2012; Accepted 26 April 2012

Academic Editors: C. L. Gibert and V. Misra

Copyright © 2012 Mohammad Zibaei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Amoebiasis continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries. Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly observed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world including Iran. In developed countries Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly seen in travelers, recent immigrants, homosexual men, and inmates of institutions. The disease is more severe in the two extremes of life. This paper paper describes a four-month-old male infant with Entamoeba histolytica presenting initially with refusal of feeds, hyperactive bowel sound, vomiting, and diarrhea. A fecal sample was positive for Entamoeba histolytica by Lugol's iodine solution and the concentration technique. He was successfully treated with metronidazole for 5 days. This case illustrates that Entamoeba species could be pathogenic in young infant; therefore, awareness of the infection, aggressive approach to diagnosis, and early initiation of treatment continue to be critical component of infection control.