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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 273848, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/273848
Case Report

Paecilomyces variotii as an Emergent Pathogenic Agent of Pneumonia

1Infectious Diseases Section, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre, RS 90035-903, Brazil
2Hematology Section, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre, RS 90035-903, Brazil

Received 23 April 2013; Accepted 13 May 2013

Academic Editors: M. Ghate, P. Horrocks, and S. Talhari

Copyright © 2013 Bruna Steiner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Paecilomyces variotii is a commonly occurring species in air and food, and it is also associated with many types of human infections. Pneumonia due to Paecilomyces variotii has been rarely reported in the medical literature. The authors report a 48-year-old patient with refractory lymphoma who underwent allogenic hematopoietic cell transplantation and developed pneumonia due to Paecilomyces variotii. They also review the published case reports of pneumonia caused by this fungus.