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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013, Article ID 546578, 3 pages
Case Report

Fatal Disseminated Kaposi's Sarcoma due to Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome following HAART Initiation

Division of Infectious Disease, University of São Paulo, Avenida Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, 4°Andar, 05403-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 21 April 2013; Accepted 18 June 2013

Academic Editors: W. I. van der Meijden and K. Yeboah-Antwi

Copyright © 2013 Fatuma Catherine Atieno Odongo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This is a case report of disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma in the context of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an HIV-infected patient on HAART regimen for 2 months. The patient rapidly progressed to death in 5 days after worsening pulmonary infiltrates and multiple organ failure.