Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013, Article ID 916985, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/916985
Case Report

Indigenous Infection with Francisella tularensis holarctica in The Netherlands

1Department of Medical Microbiology, Beatrix Hospital and Albert Schweitzer Hospital, P.O. Box 899, 3300 AW Dordrecht, The Netherlands
2Department of Surgery, Beatrix Hospital, P.O. Box 90, 4200 AB Gorinchem, The Netherlands
3Division for CBRN Defence and Security, FOI—Swedish Defence Research Agency, Umeå, Sweden
4Department of Earth, Environmental, and Life Sciences, TNO, P.O. Box 45, 2280 AA Rijswijk, The Netherlands
5Public Health Service Zuid-Holland Zuid, P.O. Box 166, 3300 AD Dordrecht, The Netherlands
6Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening (LIS), Center for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Received 9 June 2013; Accepted 1 August 2013

Academic Editors: C. L. Gibert, A. Marangoni, C. G. Meyer, and D. L. Palazzi

Copyright © 2013 Boulos Maraha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. E. Foley and N. C. Nieto, “Tularemia,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 140, no. 3-4, pp. 332–338, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. G. Hollis, R. E. Weaver, A. G. Steigerwalt, J. D. Wenger, C. W. Moss, and D. J. Brenner, “Francisella philomiragia comb. nov. (formerly Yersinia philomiragia) and Francisella tularensis biogroup novicida (formerly Francisella novicida) associated with human disease,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1601–1608, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Huber, R. Escudero, H.-J. Busse et al., “Description of Francisella hispaniensis sp. nov., isolated from human blood, reclassification of Francisella novicida (Larson et al. 1955) Olsufiev et al. 1959 as Francisella tularensis subsp. novicida comb. nov. and emended description of the genus Francisella,” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 1887–1896, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. J. Vogler, D. Birdsell, L. B. Price et al., “Phylogeography of Francisella tularensis: global expansion of a highly fit clone,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 191, no. 8, pp. 2474–2484, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Johansson, J. Farlow, P. Larsson et al., “Worldwide genetic relationships among Francisella tularensis isolates determined by multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 186, no. 17, pp. 5808–5818, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Sjodin, K. Svensson, C. Ohrman et al., “Genome characterisation of the genus Francisella reveals insight into similar evolutionary paths in pathogens of mammals and fish.,” BMC Genomics, vol. 13, article e268, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Maurin, I. Pelloux, J. P. Brion, J.-N. Del Banõ, and A. Picard, “Human Tularemia in France, 2006–2010,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. e133–e141, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Johansson, A. Ibrahim, I. Göransson et al., “Evaluation of PCR-based methods for discrimination of Francisella species and subspecies and development of a specific PCR that distinguishes the two major subspecies of Francisella tularensis,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 4180–4185, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Kuehn, C. Schulze, P. Kutzer et al., “Tularaemia seroprevalence of captured and wild animals in Germany: the fox (Vulpes vulpes) as a biological indicator,” Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 141, no. 4, pp. 833–840, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. M. Gyuranecz, D. N. Birdsell, W. Splettstoesser et al., “Phylogeography of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica, Europe,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 290–293, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Helvaci, S. Gedikoǧlu, H. Akalin, and H. B. Oral, “Tularemia in Bursa, Turkey: 205 cases in ten years,” European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 271–276, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. D. Hemmes, “Tularemia at Horn,” Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde, vol. 97, no. 16, pp. 990–992, 1953. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. P. Dempsey, M. Dobson, C. Zhang et al., “Genomic deletion marking an emerging subclone of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in France and the Iberian Peninsula,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 73, no. 22, pp. 7465–7470, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. D. Barabote, G. Xie, T. S. Brettin et al., “Complete genome sequence of Francisella tularensis subspecies holarctica FTNF002-00,” PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 9, Article ID e7041, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Svensson, M. Granberg, L. Karlsson, V. Neubauerova, M. Forsman, and A. Johansson, “A real-time PCR array for hierarchical identification of Francisella isolates,” PloS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, Article ID e8360, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Pilo, A. Johansson, and J. Frey, “Identification of Francisella tularensis cluster in central and western Europe,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2049–2051, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Gehringer, E. Schacht, N. Maylaender et al., “Presence of an emerging subclone of Francisella tularensis holarctica in Ixodes ricinus ticks from south-western Germany,” Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, vol. 4, no. 1-2, pp. 93–100, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. A. J. Vogler, D. N. Birdsell, J. Lee et al., “Phylogeography of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica in France,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 177–180, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Saitou and M. Nei, “The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 406–425, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Nei and S. Kumar, Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics, Oxford University Press, 2000.
  21. K. Tamura, D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei, and S. Kumar, “MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2731–2739, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus