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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2015, Article ID 217307, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/217307
Case Report

Kytococcus schroeteri Bacteremia in a Patient with Hairy Cell Leukemia: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Internal Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
2Department of Internal Medicine, University at Buffalo School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
3Department of Hematology and Oncology, West Michigan Cancer Center, 200 N. Park Street, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, USA

Received 21 February 2015; Accepted 23 April 2015

Academic Editor: Alexandre R. Marra

Copyright © 2015 Akshay Amaraneni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Kytococcus genus formerly belonged to Micrococcus. The first report of a Kytococcus schroeteri infection was in 2002 in a patient diagnosed with endocarditis. We report a case of central line associated Kytococcus schroeteri bacteremia in a patient with underlying Hairy Cell Leukemia. Kytococcus schroeteri is an emerging infection in the neutropenic population and in patients with implanted artificial tissue. It is thought to be a commensal bacterium of the skin; however, attempts to culture the bacteria remain unsuccessful. There have been a total of 5 cases (including ours) of K. schroeteri bacteremia in patients with hematologic malignancies and neutropenia and only 18 documented cases in any population. Four of the cases of bacteria in neutropenic patients have been fatal, but early detection and treatment could make a difference in clinical outcomes.