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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2015, Article ID 563851, 4 pages
Case Report

Presentation of AIDS with Disseminated Cutaneous and Visceral Leishmaniasis in Iran

1Infectious Disease, Shiraz HIV/AIDS Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3Pathology Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Received 2 February 2015; Revised 11 April 2015; Accepted 19 April 2015

Academic Editor: Paola Di Carlo

Copyright © 2015 Mohammadali Davarpanah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease in form of visceral (VL), cutaneous (CL), and mucocutaneous (MCL) leishmaniasis. Immunocompromised patients have increased risk of Leishmania infection, especially in endemic areas for visceral leishmaniasis, where in the world HIV/VL coinfection has become endemic. The case here suffers from both AIDS and visceral-cutaneous leishmaniasis. We report an Iranian woman with disseminated cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis who became positive for HIV test.