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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2145805, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2145805
Case Report

Meningitis Caused by Salmonella Newport in a Five-Year-Old Child

1Microbiology Department, Hospital Comarcal Valdeorras, Avenida Conde de Fenosa, No. 50, CP 32300, O Barco, Ourense, Spain
2Pediatrics Department, Hospital Comarcal Valdeorras, Avenida Conde de Fenosa, No. 50, CP 32300, O Barco, Ourense, Spain
3Immunology Department, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Ctra Colmenar Viejo, Km 9,100, CP 28034, Madrid, Spain

Received 18 July 2016; Accepted 24 November 2016

Academic Editor: Xavier Vallès

Copyright © 2016 Ana De Malet et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Salmonella Newport is a Gram-negative bacillus belonging to the Enterobacteria family and the nontyphi Salmonella (NTS), usually related to gastroenteritis. Main difference between NTS and Salmonella typhi is that the last one evolves to an invasive disease easier than NTS. These can progress to bacteremias in around 5% of cases and secondary focuses can appear occasionally, as in meningitis. An infection of the central nervous system is uncommon, considering its incidence in 0.6–8% of the cases; most of them are described in developing countries and mainly in childhood, especially neonates. Bacterial meningitis by NTS mostly affects immunosuppressed people in Europe. Prognosis is adverse, with a 50% mortality rate, mainly due to complications of infection: hydrocephalus, ventriculitis, abscesses, subdural empyema, or stroke. Choice antibiotic treatments are cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, or ceftazidime. The aim of this paper is to present a case of meningitis caused by Salmonella Newport diagnosed in a five-year-old girl living in a rural area of the province of Ourense (Spain), with favorable evolution and without neurological disorders.