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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 2614187, 2 pages
Case Report

First Case Report of Sinusitis with Lophomonas blattarum from Iran

1Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 91779-48564, Iran
2Ear, Nose and Throat Department, Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Received 20 September 2015; Accepted 22 December 2015

Academic Editor: Daniela M. Cirillo

Copyright © 2016 Fariba Berenji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Lophomonas blattarum is a rare cause of bronchopulmonary and sinus infection. This paper presents a rare case of Lophomonas sinusitis. Case Presentation. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who was admitted because of a history of upper respiratory infection and sinusitis. Direct microscopic examination of the sputum and nasal discharge showed large numbers of living Lophomonas blattarum with irregular movement of flagella. The patient was successfully treated by Metronidazole 750 mg t.i.d. for 30 days. Conclusions. This is the first case report of Lophomonas blattarum sinusitis from Iran.