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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6795743, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6795743
Case Report

Chromobacterium violaceum Septicaemia and Urinary Tract Infection: Case Reports from a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India

Government Medical College Kozhikode, Kozhikode, India

Received 7 July 2016; Revised 19 August 2016; Accepted 29 August 2016

Academic Editor: Gernot Walder

Copyright © 2016 Vishnu Kaniyarakkal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram negative oxidase positive bacillus that causes human infections infrequently. It is a normal inhabitant of soil and stagnant water of the tropical and subtropical areas. In humans, it can cause infections ranging from life threatening sepsis with metastatic abscesses to skin infections and urinary tract infections. The organism is notoriously resistant to most cephalosporins and Ampicillin. Fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides show good in vitro susceptibility. High mortality rates associated with these infections necessitate prompt diagnosis and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Here we present three cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection from Government Medical College Kozhikode, Kerala.