Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8935052, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8935052
Case Report

Identification of Dietzia spp. from Cardiac Tissue by 16S rRNA PCR in a Patient with Culture-Negative Device-Associated Endocarditis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Division of Infectious Diseases, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
2Department of Pathology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA

Received 2 July 2016; Revised 25 October 2016; Accepted 5 December 2016

Academic Editor: Oguz R. Sipahi

Copyright © 2016 Praveen Sudhindra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Katsouli and M. G. Massad, “Current issues in the diagnosis and management of blood culture-negative infective and non-infective endocarditis,” Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 1467–1474, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. J. Greenspon, J. D. Patel, E. Lau et al., “16-year trends in the infection burden for pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in the United States : 1993 to 2008,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 1001–1006, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Bemer-Melchior, A. Haloun, P. Riegel, and H. B. Drugeon, “Bacteremia due to Dietzia maris in an immunocompromised patient,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 1338–1340, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. Pidoux, J.-N. Argenson, V. Jacomo, and M. Drancourt, “Molecular identification of a Dietzia maris hip prosthesis infection isolate,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 2634–2636, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. Reyes, J.-L. Navarro, C. Gamallo, and M.-C. De Las Cuevas, “Type A aortic dissection associated with Dietzia maris,” Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 666–668, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. Dekio, M. Sakamoto, H. Hayashi, M. Amagai, M. Suematsu, and Y. Benno, “Characterization of skin microbiota in patients with atopic dermatitis and in normal subjects using 16S rRNA gene-based comprehensive analysis,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 1675–1683, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. F. Yassin, H. Hupfer, and K. P. Schaal, “Dietzia cinnamea sp. nov., a novel species isolated from a perianal swab of a patient with a bone marrow transplant,” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 641–645, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. L. Jones, R. J. Koerner, S. Natarajan, J. D. Perry, and M. Goodfellow, “Dietzia papillomatosis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from the skin of an immunocompetent patient with confluent and reticulated papillomatosis,” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 68–72, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Perkin, A. Wilson, D. Walker, and E. McWilliams, “Dietzia species pacemaker pocket infection: an unusual organism in human infections,” BMJ Case Reports, vol. 2012, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. J. Hirvonen, I. Lepistö, S. Mero, and S.-S. Kaukoranta, “First isolation of Dietzia cinnamea from a dog bite wound in an adult patient,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 4163–4165, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. Kämpfer, E. Falsen, A. Frischmann, and H.-J. Busse, “Dietzia aurantiaca sp. nov., isolated from a human clinical specimen,” International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 484–488, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Rammer, H. Calum, C. Moser et al., “Dietzia papillomatosis bacteremia,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1977–1978, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. A. Rainey, S. Klatte, R. M. Kroppenstedt, and E. Stackebrandt, “Dietzia, a new genus including Dietzia maris comb. nov., formerly Rhodococcus maris,” International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 32–36, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. J. Koerner, M. Goodfellow, and A. L. Jones, “The genus Dietzia: a new home for some known and emerging opportunist pathogens,” FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 296–305, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Niwa, B. A. Lasker, H. P. Hinrikson et al., “Characterization of human clinical isolates of Dietzia species previously misidentified as Rhodococcus equi,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 811–820, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Pilares, J. Agüero, J. A. Vázquez-Boland, L. Martínez-Martínez, and J. Navas, “Identification of atypical Rhodococcus-like clinical isolates as Dietzia spp. by 16S rRNA gene sequencing,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1904–1907, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. C. Y. Woo, S. K. P. Lau, J. L. L. Teng, H. Tse, and K.-Y. Yuen, “Then and now: use of 16S rDNA gene sequencing for bacterial identification and discovery of novel bacteria in clinical microbiology laboratories,” Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 908–934, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. M. Janda and S. L. Abbott, “16S rRNA gene sequencing for bacterial identification in the diagnostic laboratory: pluses, perils, and pitfalls,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 2761–2764, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Slipczuk, J. N. Codolosa, C. D. Davila et al., “Infective endocarditis epidemiology over five decades: a systematic review,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 12, Article ID e82665, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Apisarnthanarak, R. M. Johnson, A. C. Braverman, W. M. Dunne, and J. R. Little, “Cardiobacterium hominis bioprosthetic mitral valve endocarditis presenting as septic arthritis,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 79–81, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. M. Arnold, F. Smaill, T. E. Warkentin, L. Christjanson, and I. Walker, “Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis associated with very severe thrombocytopenia and platelet autoantibodies,” American Journal of Hematology, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 373–377, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Kumar and M. R. Hammerschlag, “Acute respiratory infection due to Chlamydia pneumoniae: current status of diagnostic methods,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 568–576, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Maurin, F. Eb, J. Etienne, and D. Raoult, “Serological cross-reactions between Bartonella and Chlamydia species: implications for diagnosis,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 2283–2287, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. L. Hyman, P. M. Roblin, C. A. Gaydos, T. C. Quinn, J. Schachter, and M. R. Hammerschlag, “Prevalence of asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriage of Chlamydia pneumoniae in subjectively healthy adults: assessment by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme immunoassay and culture,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1174–1178, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Gdoura, S. Pereyre, I. Frikha et al., “Culture-negative endocarditis due to Chlamydia pneumoniae,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 718–720, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. M. Baddour, W. R. Wilson, A. S. Bayer et al., “Infective endocarditis: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy and management of complications,” Circulation, vol. 111, pp. e394–e434, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar