Case Reports in Infectious Diseases / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Case Report

Neurosyphilis with Concomitant Cryptococcal and Tuberculous Meningitis in a Patient with AIDS: Report of a Unique Case

Table 2

Differential diagnosis of neurosyphilis.

Manifestations of neurosyphilisDifferential diagnosis

(1) Syphilitic meningitisTubercular meningitis
Fungal meningitis: Cryptococcus neoformans, endemic mycosis
Lyme disease
Listeria monocytogenes
(2) Meningovascular syphilisIschemic stroke
Embolic stroke
Vasculitis
Herpes zoster
(3) GummataToxoplasmosis
Cryptococcoma
Tuberculoma
Primary and metastatic neoplasms
(4) General paresisPsychiatric conditions: delirium, dementia, mania, psychosis
depression, personality changes
HIV dementia
Viral encephalitis: HSV, CMV, VZV, HHV-6
(5) Tabes dorsalisEpidural abscess
Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord
HTLV-1
HIV-associated vascular myelopathy
CMV myelopathy
Herpes zoster myelitis 
Multiple sclerosis

HIV= human immunodeficiency virus; HSV = herpes simplex virus; CMV = cytomegalovirus; VZV = varicella zoster virus; HHV-6 = human herpes virus 6; HTLV-1 = human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.