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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7052908, 4 pages
Case Report

Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis Associated with Mycobacterium abscessus in South China: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Biotechnology Drug Candidates, School of Biosciences and Biopharmaceutics, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China
2Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Nan-yan Rao and Shuang Zhu

Received 22 November 2016; Accepted 17 January 2017; Published 12 February 2017

Academic Editor: Tomoyuki Shibata

Copyright © 2017 Ye-sheng Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mycobacteria, which are known as rapidly growing bacteria, are pathogens that are responsible for cutaneous or subcutaneous infections that especially occur after injection, trauma, or surgery. In this report, we describe a species of Mycobacterium abscessus that was isolated from a breast abscess in a patient who was previously diagnosed with granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM). This current case is the first ever presented case of GLM associated with M. abscessus documented in South China. The case presentation highlights the role of M. abscessus in GLM. The association of M. abscessus and GLM is discussed and a summary of breast infection due to Mycobacteria is given.