Case Reports in Medicine
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Acceptance rate14%
Submission to final decision99 days
Acceptance to publication15 days
CiteScore1.200
Journal Citation Indicator0.180
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Aortosternal Venous Compression: A Review of Two Cases

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Case Reports in Medicine publishes case reports and case series in all areas of clinical medicine.

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Case Report

Hydroxychloroquine Therapy Led to the Diagnosis of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Deficiency in an Elderly Patient with COVID-19 Involvement: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common RBC abnormality, affecting 400 million people globally. Neonatal jaundice, hemolytic anemia, icteric skin, dark urine, and fever are usually the primary signs of this condition, which is generally diagnosed between the ages of infancy and 16 years old. Therefore, its first manifestation in old age is an unexpected phenomenon. Here, we present the case of a 70-year-old man with no past medical history of G6PD deficiency that was admitted to our hospital due to COVID-19 infection and developed acute hemolytic anemia while receiving hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) medication for COVID-19-related pneumonia.

Case Report

Giant Partially Thrombosed Coronary Aneurysm in Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 in Children

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a postinfectious condition which usually develops 4 to 6 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection in a genetically predisposed individual. Clinical features are heterogeneous and include fever, respiratory compromise, mucocutaneous involvement with conjunctival abnormalities and erythematous exanthem, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Neurologic and cardiovascular symptoms can also develop, including coronary artery dilatation. Some cases involve 2 or more organs and require critical admission. Echocardiography is the mainstay of cardiac evaluation in the acute setting as well as on outpatient follow-up. We present the case of a 4-month-old female with no past medical or surgical history who presented with a prolonged febrile syndrome associated with severe respiratory illness, gastrointestinal symptoms, and mucocutaneous abnormalities. Diagnosis of MIS-C was established based on clinical findings, persistently elevated markers of systemic inflammation and positive SARS-CoV-2 molecular test and evidence of prior SARS-CoV-2 infection with SARS-CoV-2 IgG positive. Echocardiogram evidenced myopericarditis and coronary aneurysms and patient was deemed candidate for immunomodulatory therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), resulting in favorable clinical and paraclinical outcomes. Few cases of giant coronary aneurysms have been reported in children. There are no existing literature reports about coronary thrombosis or thrombus formation resulting from vascular aneurysmal dilations in this population. As such, the prognosis and natural history of coronary artery aneurysms in the setting of MIS-C remain largely unknown.

Case Report

Diffuse-Type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumour Involving Bone Masquerading as Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

We presented a case of diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumour (DTSGCT) of foot masquerading as Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Preliminary diagnosis by needle biopsy was difficult due to the major involvement of bones and the overshadowing effect of the accompanying Langerhans cells. The complete curettage specimen with relevant immunohistochemistry and molecular tests made the final diagnosis of DTSGCT possible. The biomolecular mechanism for the masquerading phenomenon was explained by CSF1 overexpression in the neoplastic cells attracting migration and proliferation of CSF1R-positive Langerhans cells.

Case Report

Pseudo-Thrombotic Microangiopathy Secondary to Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Background. Clinical B12 deficiency with hematological or neurological manifestations is rare. An unusual manifestation of B12 deficiency is pseudo-thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and schistocytosis and only occurs in 2.5% of those with B12 deficiency. Pseudo-TMA is misdiagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in 40% of cases, resulting in misguided treatment including plasmapheresis. Case. A 44-year-old Hispanic presented with 3 weeks of progressively worsening non-radiating chest pain, fatigue, and shortness of breath (SOB). Laboratory findings revealed severe pancytopenia and macrocytosis with a hemoglobin of 5.4 g/dL, mean corpuscular volume of 116.3 fL, and vitamin B12 low at 149 pg/mL. She was diagnosed with pseudo-TMA and after starting 1000 micrograms of parenteral vitamin B12 injections daily and discontinuing plasmapheresis and steroid administration, she improved. Conclusion. Failure to recognize pseudo-TMA often results in unnecessary treatment with plasmapheresis and delays appropriate treatment with vitamin B12 supplementation. It is therefore extremely important to consider pseudo-TMA as a differential diagnosis in patients that present with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and schistocytosis.

Case Report

Guillain–Barré Syndrome Associated with COVID-19: Two Cases from a Public Hospital in Damascus, Syria

Objective. To report two cases of COVID-19 complicated with Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) from a public hospital in Damascus, Syria. Results. Two unvaccinated patients, 49-year-old and 34-year-old men, presented with a history of paresthesia followed by ascending symmetric weakness with absent tendon reflexes. They were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using chest CT and RT-PCR. Clinical status and lumbar puncture (LP) findings were consistent with GBS. They were treated with plasma exchange (PE). However, the first patient developed hallucinations and later deteriorated. He passed away after the second session of PE, while the second patient had four sessions of plasma exchange and was later discharged for home rehabilitation. Conclusion. It is important to consider GBS in COVID-19 patients who present with acute ascending weakness or cranial nerves involvement. More studies are needed to evaluate correlation between COVID-19, GBS, and development of psychiatric disturbances besides investigating the discrepancy between lung parameters and respiratory failure.

Case Report

Oral and Lower Extremity Ulcers as the Initial Presentation of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

Background. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a small vessel vasculitis characterized by lung and kidney involvement. It is typically a disease of white females and has a poor prognosis with the average life expectancy of 5 months for a patient without treatment. Oral and skin ulcers are considered to be rare presentations. Case. A 39-year-old black male presented to the hospital with oral and skin ulcers and was diagnosed with GPA based on the biopsies of both cutaneous lesions and kidney. He was started on rituximab with minimal improvement. Later he was admitted to the ICU and had plasmapheresis, and he gradually improved and was discharged home 8 days after admission. Conclusion. GPA is an aggressive vascular disorder resulting in possible organ system damage and failure. The role of the sickle cell trait in this patient is undefined, but this combination of gender, race, and presenting symptoms in GPA is extremely unusual.

Case Reports in Medicine
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate14%
Submission to final decision99 days
Acceptance to publication15 days
CiteScore1.200
Journal Citation Indicator0.180
Impact Factor-
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