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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2009, Article ID 785047, 4 pages
Case Report

Abnormal 18F-FDG Uptake Detected with Positron Emission Tomography in a Patient with Breast Cancer: A Case of Sarcoidosis and Review of the Literature

1Department of Medical Oncology, GATA (Gulhane) Faculty of Medicine, Etlik, 06018 Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, GATA (Gulhane) Faculty of Medicine, Etlik, 06018 Ankara, Turkey

Received 27 January 2009; Accepted 10 August 2009

Academic Editor: Johny Verschakelen

Copyright © 2009 Selmin Ataergin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


18F-FDG PET is a useful and sensitive imaging method for a variety of malignancies, however, the specificity is low in active infections and inflammatory diseases. We describe a female patient with stage IIIA breast cancer in first complete remission with combination chemotherapy who developed nodular formations in the lung and axilla 12 years later. Imaging studies as well as FDG PET showed nodular lesions and increased metabolic activity which was interpreted as the progression of the primary disease. She was first given combination chemotherapy and hormonal therapy but was proven thereafter to have sarcoidosis by pathologic examination and was successfully treated with corticosteroid treatment.