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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 621046, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/621046
Case Report

Adult Onset Still's Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Department of Internal Medicine, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, GA 31201-0001, USA

Received 7 April 2010; Revised 12 July 2010; Accepted 13 July 2010

Academic Editor: C. G. M. Kallenberg

Copyright © 2010 Paul Persad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adult Still's Disease was first described in 1971 by Bywaters in fourteen adult female patients who presented with symptoms indistinguishable from that of classic childhood Still's Disease (Bywaters, 1971). George Still in 1896 first recognized this triad of quotidian (daily) fevers, evanescent rash, and arthritis in children with what later became known as juvenile inflammatory arthritis (Still, 1990). Adult Onset Still's Disease (AOSD) is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology characterized by an evanescent rash, quotidian fevers, and arthralgias. Numerous infectious agents have been associated with its presentation. This case is to our knowledge the first presentation of AOSD in the setting of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Although numerous infectious agents have been suggested, the etiology of this disorder remains elusive. Nevertheless, infection may in fact play a role in triggering the onset of symptoms in those with this disorder. Our case presentation is, to our knowledge, the first case of Adult Onset Still's Disease associated with Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).