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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2010, Article ID 715953, 2 pages
Case Report

Pericardiectomy for Pleuropericardial Effusion Complicating Bacterial Pneumonia

1Department of Congenital and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery and Cardiology, Ospedali Riuniti, 60128 Ancona, Italy
2Department of Pediatrics, Ospedali Riuniti, 60128 Ancona, Italy

Received 22 January 2010; Accepted 11 April 2010

Academic Editor: Florian Thalhammer

Copyright © 2010 Andrea Quarti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Severe pericardial effusion is a rare complication of bacterial pneumonia and it usually disappears under medical treatment. Herein we report a case of a girl with a congenital immunodeficient syndrome and bacterial pneumonia, who developed recurrent and life-threatening pericardial effusion refractory to medical treatment. She was finally treated with pericardiectomy.