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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 174167, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/174167
Case Report

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Caused by Massive Pyonephrosis in an Infant with Primary Obstructive Megaureter

1Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Avenida dos Bandeirantes 3900, 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2Division of Urology, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Avenida dos Bandeirantes 3900, 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

Received 28 March 2011; Accepted 30 May 2011

Academic Editor: Dianne L. Atkins

Copyright © 2011 Silvia K. Kavaguti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The authors report a case of abdominal compartment syndrome caused by massive pyonephrosis in an infant with primary obstructive megaureter successfully treated with emergency surgical decompression.