Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 120867, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/120867
Case Report

Treatment of Moyamoya Syndrome Associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Hypothyroidism in an Adult by Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis: A Case Report

2nd Department of Neurosurgery, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, 2-17-6 Ohashi, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan

Received 26 June 2012; Accepted 23 July 2012

Academic Editor: Ingo W. Husstedt

Copyright © 2012 Arata Tomiyama et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Fukui, “Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous occlusion of the circle of Willis (“Moyamoya” disease),” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 99, no. 2, supplement, pp. S238–S240, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. M. Scott and E. R. Smith, “Moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 12, pp. 1226–1237, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Natori, K. Ikezaki, T. Matsushima, and M. Fukui, ““Angiographic Moyamoya” its definition, classification, and therapy,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 99, no. 2, supplement, pp. S168–S172, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. M. El Ramahi and H. M. Al Rayes, “Systemic lupus erythematosus associated with moyamoya syndrome,” Lupus, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 632–636, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Matsuki, M. Kawakami, T. Ishizuka et al., “SLE and Sjogren's syndrome associated with unilateral Moyamoya vessels in cerebral arteries,” Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 392–394, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Mitsias and S. R. Levine, “Large cerebral vessel occlusive disease in systemic lupus erythematosus,” Neurology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 385–393, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Asai, H. Nakayasu, E. Fusayasu, and K. Nakashima, “Moyamoya disease presenting as thalamic hemorrhage in a patient with neuromyelitis optica and Sjogren's syndrome,” Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases. In press.
  8. S. Nagahiro, A. Mantani, K. Yamada, and Y. Ushio, “Multiple cerebral artery occlusion in a young patient with Sjogren's syndrome,” Neurosurgery, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 592–595, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Kaga, T. Nakano, S. Hori, T. Kamida, M. Isono, and N. Kasai, “Neovascularization after encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis in elderly quasi-moyamoya disease: A case report,” Neurological Surgery, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 803–807, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Isono, K. Ishii, H. Kobayashi, A. Kaga, T. Kamida, and M. Fujiki, “Effects of indirect bypass surgery for occlusive cerebrovascular diseases in adults,” Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 644–647, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus