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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 786876, 5 pages
Case Report

Iliac Vein Compression Syndrome in an Active and Healthy Young Female

1Department of Medicine, Foothills Medical Hospital, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 2T9
2Department of Radiology, Foothills Medical Hospital, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 2T9

Received 29 June 2011; Accepted 24 November 2011

Academic Editor: Omer Faruk Dogan

Copyright © 2012 Sonia Cerquozzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Iliac vein compression syndrome is a condition involving external compression of the left common iliac vein by the right iliac artery, which was first described in the 1850s. It predominates in females typically between the third and fourth decade of life and has been associated with thrombophilias. Importantly, the syndrome is amenable to endovascular treatment. Here, we describe a case of a young athletic female with an incidental finding of a left iliac vein thrombosis while taking oral contraceptives, who was identified as having iliac vein compression syndrome on follow-up MR venography with positive testing for Factor V Leiden mutation.