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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 147986, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/147986
Case Report

Eosinophilic Pleural Effusion: A Rare Complication of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

1Pathology Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 71345-1864, Iran
2Internal Medicine Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 71345-1864, Iran

Received 12 March 2013; Accepted 24 June 2013

Academic Editor: W. Zidek

Copyright © 2013 Maral Mokhtari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has been widely used to treat renal stones. The procedure is relatively safe with minor complications. Case. The patient is a 32-year-old man who presented with left sided pleural effusion after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Results. The pleural effusion study revealed an exudative fluid rich in eosinophils (30%). So, the diagnosis of eosinophilic pleural effusion as a complication of lithotripsy was made. Conclusion. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy should be regarded as an etiology of unexplained eosinophilic pleural effusion after this procedure.