Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 314262, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/314262
Case Report

Case of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis in a Caucasian Male and Review of Literature

1Section of Endocrinology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, 1430 Tulane Avenue, SL-53, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
2Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care Systems, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
3Southeast Georgia Department of Health, Waycross, LA 31501, USA
4Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
5Sanofi Pasteur India Ltd, Mumbai 400093, India
6University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
7St. Joseph Mercy Oakland, Pontiac, MI 48341, USA

Received 7 August 2014; Revised 4 October 2014; Accepted 6 October 2014; Published 17 November 2014

Academic Editor: Ting Fan Leung

Copyright © 2014 Tina K. Thethi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. J. McFadzean and R. Yeung, “Periodic paralysis complicating thyrotoxicosis in Chinese,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 1, no. 5538, pp. 451–455, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. S. Elston, B. J. Orr-Walker, A. M. Dissanayake, and J. V. Conaglen, “Thyrotoxic, hypokalaemic periodic paralysis: polynesians, an ethnic group at risk,” Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 303–307, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. B. Layzer, “Neuromuscular manifestation of endocrine disease,” in Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism, K. Becker, Ed., JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  4. P. P. B. Yeo and C. O'Neill, “Thyrotoxicosis and periodic paralysis,” Medical Grand Rounds, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 10–25, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. G. Engel, “Thyroid function and periodic paralysis,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 30, pp. 327–333, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. P. Ober, “Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in the United States: report of 7 cases and review of the literature,” Medicine, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 109–120, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. M. Antes, D. A. Kujubu, and P. C. Fernandez, “Hypokalemia and the pathology of ion transport molecules,” Seminars in Nephrology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 31–45, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Chan, R. Shinde, C. C. Chow, C. S. Cockram, and R. Swaminathan, “In vivo and in vitro sodium pump activity in subjects with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis,” British Medical Journal, vol. 303, no. 6810, pp. 1096–1099, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. F. Lin, C. C. Wu, D. Pei, S. J. Chu, and S. H. Lin, “Diagnosing thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in the ED,” The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 339–342, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. G. L. Braden, P. T. von Oeyen, M. J. Germain, D. J. Watson, and B. L. Haag, “Ritodrine- and terbutaline-induced hypokalemia in preterm labor: Mechanisms and consequences,” Kidney International, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1867–1875, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. S. Levey and I. Klein, “Catecholamine-thyroid hormone interactions and the cardiovascular manifestations of hyperthyroidism,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 642–646, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. A. Manoukian, J. A. Foote, and L. M. Crapo, “Clinical and metabolic features of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in 24 episodes,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 159, no. 6, pp. 601–606, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. E. Charness, “Hypokalemic periodic paralysis,” Johns Hopkins Medical Journal, vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 148–153, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Puvanendran, J. S. Cheah, and P. K. Wong, “Electromyographic (EMG) study in thyrotoxic periodic paralysis,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 507–510, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. S. Cheah, E. P. Tock, and S. P. Kan, “The light and electron microscopic changes in the skeletal muscles during paralysis in thyrotoxic periodic paralysis,” The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 269, no. 3, pp. 365–374, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Z. Wu, Y. K. Wu, J. D. Lin, and S. W. Kuo, “Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis complicated by acute hypercapnic respiratory failure and ventricular tachycardia,” Thyroid, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1321–1324, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S.-H. Lin, P. Chu, C.-J. Cheng, S.-J. Chu, Y.-J. Hung, and Y.-F. Lin, “Early diagnosis of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis: spot urine calcium to phosphate ratio,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 2984–2989, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. C. Loh, L. Pinheiro, and K. S. Ng, “Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis complicated by near-fatal ventricular arrhythmias,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 88–89, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S.-H. Lin and Y.-F. Lin, “Propranolol rapidly reverses paralysis, hypokalemia, and hypophosphatemia in thyrotoxic periodic paralysis,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 620–623, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T.-Y. Huang and S.-H. Lin, “Thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis reversed by propranolol without rebound hyperkalemia,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 415–416, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. H. Lin, Y. F. Lin, and M. L. Halperin, “Hypokalaemia and paralysis,” QJM, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 133–139, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus