Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 473814, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/473814
Case Report

An Interesting Case of Life-Threatening Hypercalcemia Secondary to Atypical Parathyroid Adenoma versus Parathyroid Carcinoma

1University of North Dakota, Apartment 402, 21 Broadway S, Fargo, ND 58103, USA
2Sanford Health, Fargo, ND 58103, USA

Received 21 March 2014; Revised 26 April 2014; Accepted 28 April 2014; Published 13 May 2014

Academic Editor: Gottfried J. Locker

Copyright © 2014 Ankur Mishra and David Newman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. C. Shinall Jr., K. M. Dahir, and J. T. Broome, “Differentiating familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia from primary hyperparathyroidism,” Endocrine Practice, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 697–702, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  2. C. Power, D. Kavanagh, A. D. K. Hill, N. O'Higgins, and E. McDermott, “Unusual presentation of a giant parathyroid adenoma: report of a case,” Surgery Today, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 235–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. E. Witteveen, S. van Thiel, J. A. Romijn, and N. A. Hamdy, “Feb Hungry bone syndrome: still a challenge in the post-operative management of primary hyperparathyroidism: a systematic review of the literature,” European Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 20168, no. 3, pp. R45–R53, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  4. C. K. Shortell, C. H. Andrus, C. E. Phillips Jr., and S. I. Schwartz, “Carcinoma of the parathyroid gland: a 30-year experience,” Surgery, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 704–708, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Kebebew, C. Arici, Q.-Y. Duh et al., “Localization and reoperation results for persistent and recurrent parathyroid carcinoma,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 136, no. 8, pp. 878–885, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Spinelli, P. Berti, and P. Miccoli, “Parathyroid carcinoma. Surgical experience in three cases,” Minerva Chirurgica, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1343–1347, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Sheikh and N. Islam, “Minimally symptomatic severe hypercalcaemia in a patient with parathyroid carcinoma,” Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 40–41, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Van Den Hauwe, S. G. Oeyen, B. F. Schrijvers, J. M. Decruyenaere, and W. A. Buylaert, “A 50-year-old man with severe hypercalcemia: a case report,” Acta Clinica Belgica, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 442–446, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Abraham, S. H. Ralston, M. Hewison, W. D. Fraser, and J. S. Bevan, “Presentation of a PTHrP-secreting pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour, with hypercalcaemic crisis, pre-eclampsia, and renal failure,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 78, no. 926, pp. 752–754, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. F. Carroll and D. S. Schade, “A practical approach to hypercalcemia,” American Family Physician, vol. 67, no. 9, pp. 1959–1966, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Gurrado, G. Piccinni, G. Lissidini, P. Di Fronzo, F. Vittore, and M. Testini, “Hypercalcaemic crisis due to primary hyperparathyroidism—a systematic literature review and case report,” Endokrynologia Polska, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 494–502, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. R. R. Seethala, M. A. Virji, and J. B. Ogilvie, “Pathology of the parathyroid glands,” in Surgical Pathology of the Head and Neck, vol. 3, pp. 1429–1472, Informa Health Care, New York, NY, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. P. Dionisio, E. Stramignoni, G. Passarino et al., “Recurrent secondary hyperparathyroidism due to parathyroid carcinoma.Usefulness of Ki-67 immunostaining in the diagnosis of malignant parathyroid tumor,” Nephron, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 720–723, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. P. Vargas, H. I. Vargas, D. E. Kleiner, and M. J. Merino, “The role of prognostic markers (Mib-1, RB and bcl-2) in the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinomas,” Modern Pathology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 12–17, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Major, A. Lortholary, J. Hon et al., “Zoledronic acid is superior to pamidronate in the treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy: a pooled analysis of two randomized, controlled clinical trials,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 558–567, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. J. Leehey and T. S. Ing, “Correction of hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia by hemodialysis using a conventional, calcium-containing dialysis solution enriched with phosphorus,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 288–290, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. D. M. Shoback, J. P. Bilezikian, S. A. Turner, L. C. McCary, M. D. Guo, and M. Peacock, “The calcimimetic cinacalcet normalizes serum calcium in subjects with primary hyperparathyroidism,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 88, no. 12, pp. 5644–5649, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Peacock, J. P. Bilezikian, P. S. Klassen, M. D. Guo, S. A. Turner, and D. Shoback, “Cinacalcet hydrochloride maintains long-term normocalcemia in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 135–141, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. Marcocci, P. Chanson, D. Shoback et al., “Cinacalcet reduces serum calcium concentrations in patients with intractable primary hyperparathyroidism,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 2766–2772, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. P. Warrell Jr., R. Israel, M. Frisone, T. Snyder, J. J. Gaynor, and R. S. Bockman, “Gallium nitrate for acute treatment of cancer-related hypercalcemia: a randomized, double-blind comparison to calcitonin,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 669–674, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. P. Warrell Jr., W. K. Murphy, P. Schulman, P. J. O'Dwyer, and G. Heller, “A randomized double-blind study of gallium nitrate compared with etidronate for acute control of cancer-related hypercalcemia,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1467–1475, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Cvitkovic, J.-P. Armand, M. Tubiana-Hulin, J.-F. Rossi, and R. P. Warrell Jr., “Randomized, double-blind, phase II trial of gallium nitrate compared with pamidronate for acute control of cancer-related hypercalcemia,” Cancer Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 47–53, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. H. Wei and A. Harari, “Parathyroid carcinoma: update and guidelines for management,” Current Treatment Options in Oncology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 11–23, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus