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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 397046, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/397046
Case Report

Vertigo as a Predominant Manifestation of Neurosarcoidosis

1Department of Medicine, New Jersey Medical School Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New Jersey Medical School Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
3Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, New Jersey Medical School Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA

Received 24 January 2015; Accepted 26 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jagdish Butany

Copyright © 2015 Tasnim F. Imran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that affects multiple organ systems. Neurological manifestations of sarcoidosis are less common and can include cranial neuropathies and intracranial lesions. We report the case of a 21-year-old man who presented with vertigo and uveitis. Extensive workup including brain imaging revealed enhancing focal lesions. A lacrimal gland biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. The patient was initially treated with prednisone, which did not adequately control his symptoms, and then was switched to methotrexate with moderate symptomatic improvement. Our patient had an atypical presentation with vertigo as the predominant manifestation of sarcoidosis. Patients with neurosarcoidosis typically present with systemic involvement of sarcoidosis followed by neurologic involvement. Vertigo is rarely reported as an initial manifestation. This case highlights the importance of consideration of neurosarcoidosis as an entity even in patients that may not have a typical presentation or systemic involvement of disease.