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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 618394, 4 pages
Case Report

Balloon Dilatation of a Case of Tuberculous Tracheobronchial Stenoses during the Course of Antituberculous Treatment

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, Nagoya, Aichi 460-0001, Japan
2Pulmonary Unit, Department of Medicine, Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
3Department of Respiratory Medicine, Aichi Cancer Center Aichi Hospital, Okazaki, Aichi 444-0011, Japan

Received 29 December 2014; Revised 25 February 2015; Accepted 26 February 2015

Academic Editor: Raed Dweik

Copyright © 2015 Shimaa Nour Moursi Ahmed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We report a case of posttuberculosis (TB) tracheobronchial stenoses presented with progressive exertional dyspnea during the course of anti-TB treatment. An 83-year-old Japanese man was admitted for progressive dyspnea; chest X-ray and CT showed stenosis of distal trachea and left main bronchus. Pulmonary function test revealed reduction of FEV1. Balloon dilatation without stent insertion was the choice for this patient for multiple reasons with marked improvement of symptoms.