Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 2743134, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2743134
Case Report

Inconceivable Hypokalemia: A Case Report of Acute Severe Barium Chloride Poisoning

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Changhai Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China

Received 28 August 2016; Accepted 3 October 2016

Academic Editor: Dante Amato

Copyright © 2016 Haibo Tao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. J. Walter, D. G. Shirley, E. J. Folkerd, and R. J. Unwin, “Effects of the potassium channel blocker barium on sodium and potassium transport in the rat loop of Henle in vivo,” Experimental Physiology, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 469–474, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. N. Bowen, S. H. Subramony, J. Cheng, S. S. Wu, and M. S. Okun, “Elementary, my dear Dr. Allen: the case of barium toxicity and Pa Ping,” Neurology, vol. 74, no. 19, pp. 1546–1549, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Ananda, Z. Shaohua, and L. Liang, “Fatal barium chloride poisoning: four cases report and literature review,” American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 115–118, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C.-Y. Tsai, C.-C. Tseng, S.-F. Liu, M.-C. Lin, and W.-F. Fang, “Acute barium intoxication following accidental inhalation of barium chloride,” Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 293–295, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. S. Bhoelan, C. H. Stevering, A. T. J. van der Boog, and M. A. G. van der Heyden, “Barium toxicity and the role of the potassium inward rectifier current,” Clinical Toxicology, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 584–593, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Bahlmann, R. Lindwall, and H. Persson, “Acute barium nitrate intoxication treated by hemodialysis,” Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 110–112, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. F. Struyk and S. C. Cannon, “Paradoxical depolarization of Ba2+-treated muscle exposed to low extracellular K+: insights into resting potential abnormalities in hypokalemic paralysis,” Muscle and Nerve, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 326–337, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Yu, M. Yi, and L. Jin, “Incorrigible hypokalemia caused by barium chloride ingestion,” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 349, no. 3, pp. 279–281, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Łukasik-Głebocka, K. Sommerfeld, A. Hanć et al., “Barium determination in gastric contents, blood and urine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in the case of oral barium chloride poisoning,” Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 380–382, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Ghose, A. A. Sayeed, A. Hossain, R. Rahman, A. Faiz, and G. Haque, “Mass barium carbonate poisoning with fatal outcome, lessons learned: a case series,” Cases Journal, vol. 2, no. 12, article 9327, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Jiucheng, Z. Zhiming, and Z. Shejiao, “Clinical analysis of 112 cases of low potassium paralysis caused by acute barium chloride poisoning,” Henan Journal of Practical Nervous Diseases, vol. 3, pp. 25–26, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  12. Z. Lewi, D. M. Warsaw, and Y. Bar-Khayim, “Food-poisoning from barium carbonate,” The Lancet, vol. 284, no. 7355, pp. 342–343, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Singh, P. A. LeLorier, M. M. Celebi, and D. L. Glancy, “ECG Case of the Month: unexpected atrioventricular conduction in high-grade atrioventricular block. Sinus rhythm; High-grade second degree atrioventricular block with a junctional escape rhythm and three capture complexes, each with right bundle branch block aberration; Possible septal myocardial infarct of indeterminate age; ST-T and U wave changes suggesting hypokalemia,” The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society, vol. 167, no. 2, pp. 97–99, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  14. N. Joshi, C. S. Sharma, Sai, and J. P. Sharma, “Acute barium intoxication following ingestion of soap water solution,” Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 238–240, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus