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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 7980936, 5 pages
Case Report

Pericardial Tamponade in an Adult Suffering from Acute Mumps Infection

1Department of Cardiology, HELIOS Clinical Medical Center Köthen, 06366 Köthen, Germany
2National Reference Center for Measles, Mumps and Rubella, Robert Koch Institute, 13353 Berlin, Germany
3Experimental and Clinical Research Center, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13125 Berlin, Germany

Received 2 August 2016; Accepted 19 September 2016

Academic Editor: Hisao Ogawa

Copyright © 2016 Sascha Kahlfuss et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Here, we report a case of a 51-year-old man with acute pericardial tamponade requiring emergency pericardiocentesis after he suffered from sore throat, headache, malaise, and sweats for two weeks. Serological analyses revealed increased mumps IgM and IgG indicating an acute mumps infection whereas other bacterial and viral infections were excluded. In addition, MRI revealed atypical swelling of the left submandibular gland. Whereas mumps has become a rare entity in children due to comprehensive vaccination regimens in western civilizations, our case highlights mumps as an important differential diagnosis also in adults, where the virus can induce life-threatening complications such as pericardial tamponade.