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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7317289, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7317289
Case Report

Occipitocervical Hemolymphangioma in an Adult with Neck Pain and Stiffness: Case Report and Literature Review

1Department of Orthopedics, Gaoyou People’s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225600, China
2Department of Spinal Surgery, General Hospital of Armed Police Force, Beijing 100039, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Baogan Peng; moc.361@nagoabgnep

Received 1 September 2017; Accepted 18 October 2017; Published 7 December 2017

Academic Editor: Mark E. Shaffrey

Copyright © 2017 Yongchao Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Hemolymphangioma is an extremely rare malformation of the lymphatic and blood vessels. A limited number of hemolymphangioma cases occurring in the pancreas, extremities, spleen, and other organs have been reported until September 2017. To the best of our knowledge, no cases of hemolymphangioma in the occipitocervical region have been reported in the literature. Case Presentation. We reported the case of a 23-year-old male patient with an occipitocervical lesion presenting atypically as neck pain and stiffness over a period of five months. Although hemolymphangioma has historically demonstrated a female predilection (2.25 : 1 female to male) and presentation in the third to fourth decades of life, this case is an atypical manifestation occurring in a young male patient. The clinical characteristics and management choices of this uncommon case of hemolymphangioma in the occipitocervical region are discussed, and a review based on the available literature is also presented. Conclusion. Hemolymphangioma of the occipitocervical region is an uncommon presentation of a rare lesion. Although rare, hemolymphangioma should be considered a differential diagnosis for masses occurring in the occipitocervical region. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice and affords a good prognosis.