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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 5979386, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5979386
Case Report

Macrophage Activation Syndrome, Glomerulonephritis, Pericarditis, and Retinal Vasculitis as Initial Presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai St Luke’s and Mount Sinai West, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Yiming Luo; moc.liamg@1991gnimiyoul

Received 2 June 2018; Accepted 17 September 2018; Published 26 September 2018

Academic Editor: Fabrizio Conti

Copyright © 2018 Yiming Luo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with potentially life-threatening consequences. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported in literature for a constellation of MAS, glomerulonephritis, pericarditis, and retinal vasculitis as initial presentation of SLE. Despite extensive multisystem involvement of his disease, the patient responded well to initial steroid treatment, with mycophenolate mofetil successfully added as a steroid-sparing agent. Our case highlights the importance of multispecialty collaboration in the diagnosis and management of SLE with multisystem involvement.