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Case Reports in Nephrology
Volume 2015, Article ID 589537, 3 pages
Case Report

Chronic Renal Failure Presenting for the First Time as Pulmonary Mucormycosis with a Fatal Outcome

1Department of Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, 123 Muscat, Oman
2Department of Anaesthesia, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, 123 Muscat, Oman
3Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, 123 Muscat, Oman

Received 6 September 2014; Accepted 23 December 2014

Academic Editor: Phuong Chi Pham

Copyright © 2015 B. Jayakrishnan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pulmonary mucormycosis is an uncommon, but important, opportunistic fungal pneumonia which is often diagnosed late. Renal failure as the predominant presenting feature is not common in mucormycosis. Moreover, sudden, massive hemoptysis is not a usual complication. In this report we describe fatal pulmonary mucormycosis in a young patient with a previously undiagnosed chronic renal failure.