Usefulness of Preoperative Surgical Simulation with Three-Dimensional Fusion Images for Resection of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations Near Broca’s Area
Case 1. (a)–(e), 3D fusion images on the workstation; (c), anatomical estimation of Broca’s area () located caudal to the lesion; (f), plain craniogram obtained after surgery; (g)–(i), intraoperative images; (g), image taken just after opening the dura to identify the preoperatively planned sulci and gyri; (h), image taken at the time of corticotomy; (i), image taken after haemostasis was accomplished.
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