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Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 131780, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/131780
Case Report

Clinical Significance of Human Metapneumovirus in Refractory Status Epilepticus and Encephalitis: Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Fatih, 34093 İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Pediatrics Infection, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Fatih, 34093 İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Fatih, 34093 İstanbul, Turkey
4Department of Pediatric Emergency, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Fatih, 34093 İstanbul, Turkey

Received 5 September 2015; Accepted 5 November 2015

Academic Editor: Dominic B. Fee

Copyright © 2015 Aysel Vehapoglu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Encephalitis is a complex neurological disease that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and the etiology of the disease is often not identified. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a common cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in children. Few reports are available showing possible involvement of hMPV in development of neurologic complications. Here, we describe an infant, the youngest case in literature, with refractory status epilepticus and severe encephalitis in whom hMPV was detected in respiratory samples and review diagnostic workup of patient with encephalitis.