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Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2174045, 4 pages
Case Report

An Atypical Porencephalic Cyst Manifesting as a Simple Partial Seizure: A Case Report and Literature Review

1College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa City, Saudi Arabia
2Radiology Department, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (University of Dammam), Dammam, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah

Received 9 June 2017; Revised 2 August 2017; Accepted 6 August 2017; Published 5 September 2017

Academic Editor: Pablo Mir

Copyright © 2017 Abdulaziz Ibrahim Al Thafar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Porencephaly is an extremely rare neurological disease characterized by the presence of solitary or multiple degenerative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cavities within the brain parenchyma. Case Report. We describe a case involving a 23-year-old male who presented with involuntary movements of the left upper limb of 6 months’ duration. A diagnosis of porencephaly was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Conclusion. The rarity of occurrence and atypical presentation of such a lesion present a challenge to clinicians. Little is known about the pathogenesis and appropriate management of porencephaly. Further studies of the implications of porencephaly for neurodevelopment and behavior are needed.