Case Reports in Neurological Medicine / 2020 / Article / Fig 3

Case Report

A Transforaminal Endoscopic Surgical Technique for Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation in the Setting of Spina Bifida

Figure 3

Intraoperative fluoroscopy. (a) Lateral fluoroscopic image of the beveled tubular retractor and endoscope at the L4-5 foramen. A semibendable grasper is displayed removing disc. (b) AP fluoroscopic image of the beveled tubular retractor and endoscope in the foramen and the rigid endoscopic grasper removing herniated disc.
(a)
(b)