Case Reports in Neurological Medicine / 2020 / Article / Fig 4

Case Report

A Transforaminal Endoscopic Surgical Technique for Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation in the Setting of Spina Bifida

Figure 4

Endoscopic camera views of surgical procedure for the left lumbar 4-5 discectomy. (a) The 30-degree endoscopic camera is in Kambin’s triangle upside down facing the L4 exiting root. The L4 root is demonstrated in this photo with a disc fragment seen below. (b) The endoscopic grasper is shown reaching under the L4 nerve root and removing the large disc fragment.