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Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2013, Article ID 267268, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/267268
Case Report

Pemphigoid Gestationis after Spontaneous Expulsion of a Massive Complete Hydatidiform Mole

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fukaya Red Cross Hospital, 5-8-1 Kamishibachonishi, Fukaya City, Saitama 366-0052, Japan
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tatedebari Sato Hospital, 96 Wakamatsucho, Takasaki City, Gunma 370-0836, Japan
3Department of Pathology, Fukaya Red Cross Hospital, 5-8-1 Kamishibachonishi, Fukaya City, Saitama 366-0052, Japan
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1981 Kamoda, Kawagoe City, Saitama 350-8550, Japan

Received 18 May 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editors: C.-C. Liang and E. Shalev

Copyright © 2013 Naoki Matsumoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is a rare, perinatal, autoimmune, and blistering dermatosis. Only few cases of PG involving hydatidiform moles have been reported. Complete hydatidiform moles are usually evacuated by dilatation and curettage. We report a patient with a massive complete hydatidiform mole that underwent spontaneous expulsion; she subsequently developed PG. A 19-year-old unmarried nulligravid woman was referred to our hospital following excessive vaginal bleeding after an uncertain amenorrheal period. The patient presented with preshock vital signs, severe anemia, and a positive urine pregnancy test. Imaging examinations revealed a massive intrauterine mass (19 × 15 × 10 cm), suggesting a complete hydatidiform mole. She was hospitalized and treated with blood transfusion. Sixteen hours after hospitalization, the massive molar mass underwent spontaneous expulsion and bleeding ceased. Three days after the expulsion, she developed pruritic skin lesions including papules, erythemas, and bullae, which spread over her entire body. Skin biopsy revealed PG and subepidermal blister formation and linear complement C3 deposition along the basement membrane zone, and the serum anti-BP180 antibody level was found to be high on measurement. She was effectively treated with 50 mg/day of oral prednisolone. Her skin lesions disappeared, leaving pigmentation.