Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2014, Article ID 296463, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/296463
Case Report

Acute and Chronic Fetal Anemia as a Result of Fetomaternal Hemorrhage

1Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
2Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA

Received 30 November 2013; Accepted 20 February 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editors: S. Rasmussen and S. Salhan

Copyright © 2014 Paul Singh and Tara Swanson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. H. Heise, J. T. van Winter, and P. L. Ogburn Jr., “Identification of acute transplacental hemorrhage in a low-risk patient as a result of daily counting of fetal movements,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 892–894, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. P. Giacoia, “Severe fetomaternal hemorrhage: a review,” Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 372–380, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Chown, “Anaemia from bleeding of the fetus into the mother's circulation,” The Lancet, vol. 266, no. 6824, pp. 1213–1215, 1954. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. P. Greger and M. R. Steele, “Human fetomaternal passage of erythrocytes,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 256, no. 4, pp. 158–161, 1957. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. H. G. Grimes and F. S. Wright, “Fetomaternal transfusion. A case report,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 82, pp. 1371–1374, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. S. Wiener, “Diagnosis and treatment of anemia of the newborn caused by occult placental hemorrhage,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 717–722, 1948. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. de Almeida and J. M. Bowman, “Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage: Manitoba experience,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 323–328, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. J. Wylie and M. E. d'Alton, “Fetomaternal hemorrhage,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 1039–1051, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. G. Cunningham, N. F. Gant, K. J. Leveno et al., Williams Obstetrics, Appleton & Lange, Stamford, Conn, USA, 20th edition, 1997.
  10. K. H. Nocolaides, W. H. Clewell, and C. H. Rodeck, “Measurement of human fetoplacental blood volume in erythroblastosis fetalis,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 50–53, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. G. Bickers and R. P. Wennberg, “Fetomaternal transfusion following trauma,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 258–259, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. Bowman and J. M. Pollock, “Transplacental fetal hemorrhage after amniocentesis,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 749–754, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. S. Cardwell, “Ultrasound diagnosis of abruptio placentae with fetomaternal hemorrhage,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 358–359, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Christensen, “Haemoglobin-F. Serological conditions and occurrence in normal adults and normal pregnant and post partum women with particular reference to foeto-maternal haemorrhage,” Danish Medical Bulletin, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 166–174, 1968. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Nord, E. Blaschke, K. Green, and P. Thomassen, “100 cases of external cephalic version, with special reference to fetomaternal transfusion,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 55–58, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. T. Queenan and D. W. Adams, “Amniocentesis: a possible immunizing hazard,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 24, pp. 530–532, 1964. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. T. Queenan and M. Nakamoto, “Postpartum immunization: the hypothetical hazard of manual removal of the placenta. Report of a study,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 23, pp. 392–395, 1964. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. G. Rose, P. L. Strohm, and F. P. Zuspan, “Fetomaternal hemorrhage following trauma,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 153, no. 8, pp. 844–847, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Santamaria, K. Benirschke, P. M. Carpenter, V. J. Baldwin, and J. A. Pritchard, “Transplacental hemorrhage associated with placental neoplasms,” Pediatric Pathology, vol. 7, no. 5-6, pp. 601–615, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. G. Sims, S. L. Barron, V. Wadehra, and H. A. Ellis, “Massive chronic feto maternal bleeding associated with placental chorioangiomas,” Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 271–273, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. J. Verco and W. R. Jones, “Monoamniotic twin pregnancy complicated by massive fetal-maternal haemorrhage,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 186–187, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. Kleihauer, H. Braun, and K. Betke, “Demonstration of fetal hemoglobin in erythrocytes of a blood smear,” Klinische Wochenschrift, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 637–638, 1957. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. J. R. A. Duckett and G. Constantine, “The Kleihauer technique: an accurate method of quantifying fetomaternal haemorrhage?” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 104, no. 7, pp. 845–846, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. F. Polesky and E. S. Sebring, “Evaluation of methods for detection and quantitation of fetal cells and their effect on RhIgG usage,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 76, supplement 4, pp. 525–529, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. C. Chen, N. Bigelow, and B. H. Davis, “Proposed flow cytometric reference method for the determination of erythroid F-cell counts,” Cytometry, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 239–246, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  26. B. H. Davis, S. Olsen, N. C. Bigelow, and J. C. Chen, “Detection of fetal red cells in fetomaternal hemorrhage using a fetal hemoglobin monoclonal antibody by flow cytometry,” Transfusion, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 749–756, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. J. Lund and J. C. Donovan, “Blood volume during pregnancy. Significance of plasma and red cell volumes,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 393–403, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. A. Baschat, U. Gembruch, R. M. Viscardi, L. Gortner, and C. R. Harman, “Antenatal prediction of intraventricular hemorrhage in fetal growth restriction: what is the role of Doppler?” Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 334–339, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. E. Davis and A. R. Hohimer, “Hemodynamics and organ blood flow in fetal sheep subjected to chronic anemia,” American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 261, no. 6, part 2, pp. R1542–R1548, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Mari, A. Adrignolo, A. Z. Abuhamad et al., “Diagnosis of fetal anemia with Doppler ultrasound in the pregnancy complicated by maternal blood group immunization,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 400–405, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. Rubod, V. Houfflin, F. Belot et al., “Successful in utero treatment of chronic and massive fetomaternal hemorrhage with fetal hydrops,” Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 410–413, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus