Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2016, Article ID 4071840, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4071840
Case Report

Placenta Increta Complicating Persistent Cesarean Scar Ectopic Pregnancy following Failed Excision with Subsequent Preterm Cesarean Hysterectomy

1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
2Department of Radiology, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA

Received 14 March 2016; Accepted 8 May 2016

Academic Editor: Michael Geary

Copyright © 2016 M. F. Malik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. L. Fylstra, “Ectopic pregnancy within a cesarean scar: a review,” Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 537–543, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K.-M. Seow, L.-W. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, M. Y.-S. Lin, Y.-L. Tsai, and J.-L. Hwang, “Cesarean scar pregnancy: issues in management,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 247–253, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Jurkovic, K. Hillaby, B. Woelfer, A. Lawrence, R. Salim, and C. J. Elson, “First-trimester diagnosis and management of pregnancies implanted into the lower uterine segment Cesarean section scar,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 220–227, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. V. Larsen and M. H. Solomon, “Pregnancy in a uterine scar sacculus: an unusual cause of postabortal haemorrhage. A case report,” South African Medical Journal, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 142–143, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. E. Timor-Tritsch and A. Monteagudo, “Unforeseen consequences of the increasing rate of cesarean deliveries: early placenta accreta and cesarean scar pregnancy. A review,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 207, no. 1, pp. 14–29, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. A. Rotas, S. Haberman, and M. Levgur, “Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancies: etiology, diagnosis, and management,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 1373–1381, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. M. Doubilet and C. B. Benson, “‘Appearing twin’: undercounting of multiple gestations on early first trimester sonograms,” Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 199–203, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. I. E. Timor-Tritsch, A. Monteagudo, R. Santos, T. Tsymbal, G. Pineda, and A. A. Arslan, “The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of cesarean scar pregnancy,” American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 207, no. 1, pp. 44.e1–44.e13, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Ahmadi, D. Moinian, P. Pouransari, Z. Rashidi, and H. Haghighi, “Ectopic pregnancy within a cesarean scar resulting in live birth: a case report,” Archives of Iranian Medicine, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 679–682, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. R. Norwitz, “Defective implantation and placentation: laying the blueprint for pregnancy complications,” Reproductive BioMedicine Online, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 101–109, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Sinha and M. Mishra, “Caesarean scar pregnancy: a precursor of placenta percreta/accreta,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 621–623, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. E. Timor-Tritsch, A. Monteagudo, G. Cali, A. Vintzileos, R. Viscarello, A. Al-Khan et al., “Cesarean scar pregnancy is a precursor of morbidly adherent placenta,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 346–353, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Rosen, “Placenta accreta and cesarean scar pregnancy: overlooked costs of the rising cesarean section rate,” Clinics in Perinatology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 519–529, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Vial, P. Petignat, and P. Hohlfeld, “Pregnancy in a cesarean scar,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 592–593, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Rizk, C. P. Holliday, S. Owens, and M. Abuzeid, “Cervical and Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancies: diagnosis and management,” Middle East Fertility Society Journal, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 67–73, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. O. Graesslin, F. Dedecker Jr., C. Quereux, and R. Gabriel, “Conservative treatment of ectopic pregnancy in a cesarean scar,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 869–871, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Nankali, M. Ataee, H. Shahlazadeh, and S. Daeichin, “Surgical management of the cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy: a case report,” Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2013, Article ID 525187, 3 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. K.-M. Seow, J.-L. Hwang, Y.-L. Tsai, L.-W. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, and B.-C. Hsieh, “Subsequent pregnancy outcome after conservative treatment of a previous cesarean scar pregnancy,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 83, no. 12, pp. 1167–1172, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Maymon, R. Halperin, S. Mendlovic et al., “Ectopic pregnancies Caesarean section scars: the 8 year experience of one medical centre,” Human Reproduction, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 278–284, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Flye Sainte Marie, M. Baudo, C. Benezech et al., “Obstetric management after ectopic pregnancy in the caesarean section scar: a case report and review of literature,” Journal de Gynecologie Obstetrique et Biologie de la Reproduction, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 503–506, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Q. Wang, H. Peng, L. He, and X. Zhao, “Reproductive outcomes after previous cesarean scar pregnancy: follow up of 189 women,” Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 551–553, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Ash, A. Smith, and D. Maxwell, “Caesarean scar pregnancy,” An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 253–263, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus