Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5857370, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5857370
Case Report

How Colposcopy Misses Invasive Cervical Cancer: A Case Report from the IMPROVE-COLPO Study

1MacArthur OB/GYN, Irving, TX, USA
2DySIS Medical Inc, Tampa, FL, USA

Received 30 May 2016; Revised 31 August 2016; Accepted 28 September 2016

Academic Editor: Massimo Origoni

Copyright © 2016 Jeff Livingston and Emmanouil Papagiannakis. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Cancer Society, “What are the key statistics about cervical cancer?” 2016, http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervicalcancer/detailedguide/cervical-cancer-key-statistics
  2. D. Saslow, D. Solomon, H. W. Lawson et al., “American cancer society, american society for colposcopy and cervical pathology, and american society for clinical pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer,” Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 175–204, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. S. Massad, M. H. Einstein, W. K. Huh et al., “2012 Updated consensus guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cancer screening tests and cancer precursors,” Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 17, pp. S1–S27, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. W. Kinney, T. C. Wright, H. E. Dinkelspiel, M. Defrancesco, J. Thomas Cox, and W. Huh, “Increased cervical cancer risk associated with screening at longer intervals,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 311–315, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Schiffman and N. Wentzensen, “A suggested approach to simplify and improve cervical screening in the United States,” Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. S. Massad and Y. C. Collins, “Strength of correlations between colposcopic impression and biopsy histology,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 424–428, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Jeronimo and M. Schiffman, “Colposcopy at a crossroads,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 195, no. 2, pp. 349–353, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. A. Louwers, A. Zaal, M. Kocken et al., “Dynamic spectral imaging colposcopy: higher sensitivity for detection of premalignant cervical lesions,” BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 309–318, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. E. Sherman, S. S. Wang, R. Tarone, L. Rich, and M. Schiffman, “Histopathologic extent of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 lesions in the atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion triage study: implications for subject safety and lead-time bias,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 372–379, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas, Wolters Kluwer, 3rd edition, 2011.
  11. P. Tidbury, A. Singer, and D. Jenkins, “CIN 3: the role of lesion size in invasion,” BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, vol. 99, no. 7, pp. 583–586, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Spitzer, “The era of ‘digital colposcopy’ will be here soon,” Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 273–274, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. G. Pretorius, J. L. Belinson, F. Azizi, P. C. Peterson, and S. Belinson, “Utility of random cervical biopsy and endocervical curettage in a low-risk population,” Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 333–338, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Wentzensen, J. L. Walker, M. A. Gold et al., “Multiple biopsies and detection of cervical cancer precursors at colposcopy,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 83–89, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus