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Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2018, Article ID 8579026, 5 pages
Case Report

A Vaginal Angiomyofibroblastoma as a Rare Cause of a Prolapsing Vaginal Mass: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Maitland Hospital, Maitland, NSW, Australia
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
4Sydney West Advanced Pelvic Surgery (SWAPS), Sydney, NSW, Australia
5University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
6Department of Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
7Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Harriet Calvert; ua.vog.wsn.htlaehenh@trevlac.teirrah

Received 27 December 2017; Accepted 21 March 2018; Published 29 April 2018

Academic Editor: Yoshio Yoshida

Copyright © 2018 Harriet Calvert et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal cell tumour which presents as a slow-growing mass. It is most commonly seen in the vulva and is often mistaken for Bartholin’s abscess. It is histologically diagnosed by the presence of stromal cells intermingled with small blood vessels. It is morphologically similar to cellular angiofibroma and aggressive angiomyxoma, the latter of which is locally invasive and has a possibility of metastasis and a high risk of local recurrence. There is one reported case of an AMFB undergoing sarcomatous transformation. Case Report. We report a case of a multiparous, 36-year-old woman with an anterior vaginal mass which was inappropriately treated as a vaginal prolapse prior to definitive surgical management. This is only the second reported case of an AMFB presenting as a prolapsing mass.