Late Lung Metastasis in a Patient with a Clear Cell Chondrosarcoma: An Indication for a Life-Long Follow-Up?Read the full article
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine publishes case reports and case series related to breast cancer, lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, skin cancer, head and neck cancer, paediatric oncology, neurooncology as well as genitourinary cancer.
Case Reports in Oncological Medicine maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
Abstracting and Indexing
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Primary Intraosseous Synovial Sarcoma in the Mandible
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumor that mainly occurs in body extremities, being uncommon in the head and neck region. In the present study, we described a case of primary intraosseous SS arising in the mandible of a 22-year-old young male. The patient reported a painful swelling on the left side of the mandible for the last 7 months. Imaging exams showed the presence of an expansive and multilocular radiolucent lesion, extending from the left condyle to the mandibular body. The clinic diagnostic hypotheses were ameloblastoma or malignant neoplasm. Histologically, the lesion was characterized by a proliferation of spindle cells exhibiting vesicular nuclei and evident nucleolus. Neoplastic cells were positive for AE1/AE3, cytokeratin 7, vimentin, CD-99, and TLE-1 and negative for CD-34, S-100, SMA, and HHF-35. A combination of clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical characteristics supported the diagnosis of SS. The patient was referred for treatment, and preoperative exams did not reveal any other tumor foci in the body of the patient. The final diagnosis was of a primary intraosseous SS of the mandible.
Pericardial Relapse of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a neoplasm of the B cell or T cell. Diagnosis is made by peripheral blood smear and bone marrow biopsy. Those with relapse/measurable residual disease (MRD) present with fever, weakness, fatigue, and easy bruising due to bone marrow infiltration (Kantarjian et al., 2017). A 59-year-old male with history of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia and allogeneic stem cell transplant presented to the Emergency Department (ED) multiple times with shortness of breath. 2D Echo revealed recurrent pericardial effusion. His MRD was discovered in the pericardium. He underwent the creation of a pericardial window with cytology and culture which confirmed B cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma, consistent with relapsed disease. We present a case of a patient with B-ALL and MRD who presented with symptoms of shortness of breath. His MRD was discovered not in the bone marrow, but in the pericardium.
Recurrent Solitary Fibrous Tumor in Intradural Extramedullary Space: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a rare neoplasm arising from spindle cells and most commonly arising from pleura. Spinal SFT/HPC is a rare entity; hence, it is not on the top of the differential diagnosis list when a clinician faces a spinal lesion. In the review of the literature, there exist less than 50 case reports of intradural extramedullary SFT/HPC. Here, we present a 54-year-old female patient who underwent subtotal surgical excision of an intradural extramedullary spinal mass pathologically reported to be SFT/HPC and had symptomatic recurrence in the 3rd year of follow-up. Surgical intervention was unachievable and the patient was given 45 Gy to the surgical cavity followed by a 5.4 Gy boost to visible tumor with external radiotherapy. Patient reported significant relief of her symptoms. We aim to contribute to the formation of a treatment algorithm for this rare entity.
An Atypical Presentation of Sinonasal Tract Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma in a Young Male Patient Submitted to Multimodality Treatment
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a malignant tumor derived from the neoplastic proliferation of striated skeletal muscle cells, is the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma. Its treatment is mainly based on neoadjuvant chemotherapy (QT+), surgical resection, and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT+). RT+ has shown satisfactory results for locoregional control of the disease, in spite of promoting local side effects. The present case report was aimed at describing the clinical and therapeutic characteristics and the management of complications resulting from multimodal therapy in a patient with an atypical presentation of RMS in the sinonasal tract. A 20-year-old Afro-descendant man complained of an expansive tumor lesion, with left eye proptosis that reduced visual acuity and caused severe regional pain. Imaging analysis showed an extensive and infiltrative lesion in the periorbital region, sinonasal tract, left maxilla, and orbital roof. According to the histopathological analysis, the diagnosis was established corresponding to parameningeal alveolar RMS that was unresectable. Treatment was initiated with three cycles of QT+ which showed partial response and later RT+. After completing half of the RT+ sessions, the patient showed a complete response with reduction in tumor volume and improvement in pain and local conditions. Side effects such as alopecia and dermatological changes induced by radiation were observed. Moreover, painful erythematous areas were observed in the region of the hard and soft palate, uvula, and oropharynx, compatible with Grade 2 mucositis lesions. After the cytological swab test, some of them were diagnosed as herpes simplex lesions; thickening and decrease in salivary flow were also found. A local drug therapy approach was instituted, and photobiomodulation was performed to manage oral complications. RT+ was shown to be effective in locoregional control of the disease; however, the early management of its undesirable effects on the surrounding tissues was required.
Radiation Recall Dermatitis following Radioactive Iodine Therapy: A New Observation
A 47-year-old female, who had previously received adjuvant right breast radiation for ductal carcinoma in situ, presented with right breast edema, erythema, and pain. This developed about two and a half weeks following radioactive iodine therapy for thyroid carcinoma. A biopsy was performed to rule out malignancy, since inflammatory breast cancer can present with similar symptoms. This confirmed radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) as the most likely diagnosis. RRD is an inflammatory reaction occurring in a previously irradiated field and was first described in 1959. Subsequent reports in the literature have associated it with the administration of other drugs, mostly chemotherapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of RRD following radioactive iodine therapy.
Salivary Duct Carcinoma: Case Reports and Brief Review of the Literature
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is an uncommon and highly aggressive tumor associated with high morbidity and mortality. According to the World Health Organization, it is an extremely rare malignancy with an estimated incidence of 1-1.2 in 1,000,000 patients. Standard treatment for SDC is wide surgical resection along with lymph node dissection followed by adjuvant radiation therapy. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy is not known. In this report, we present three cases of SDC. A 71-year-old female with T1N0M0 disease was treated with total parotidectomy, ipsilateral neck dissection, and adjuvant radiotherapy without evidence of disease recurrence at 5 months. The second is a 59-year-old female with TXN1M0 disease who was treated with total parotidectomy with ipsilateral level I-IV neck dissection and adjuvant radiotherapy without evidence of disease occurrence at 21 months. The third case is a 79-year-old male with widely metastatic disease, including brain metastases, treated with cranial irradiation, leuprolide, and lapatinib who remains under home hospice care.