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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 352401, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/352401
Case Report

A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis in association with Schistosoma hematobium

1Department of Urology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary’s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
2Department of Histopathology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary’s Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK

Received 22 July 2012; Accepted 30 October 2012

Academic Editors: Y. Aoki and P. Ganjei-Azar

Copyright © 2012 Muhammad A. A. Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A 72-year-old man presented with painless frank haematuria. Investigations included intravenous urogram and abdominal/pelvic CT which revealed a marked focal thickening of the wall of the inferior aspect of the left renal pelvis extending into the lower pole calyx and into the pelviureteric junction resulting in left hydronephrosis. Urine cytology demonstrated clusters of malignant keratinised squamous cells and schistosome ova. He underwent left laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy and histology revealed moderately differentiated keratinising squamous cell carcinoma in the renal pelvis.