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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 971803, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/971803
Case Report

Primary Immature Teratoma of the Uterus Relapsing as Malignant Neuroepithelioma: Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Medical Oncology, National Institute of Oncology, Rabat, Morocco
2Department of Pathology, National Institute of Oncology, Rabat, Morocco
3Laboratory of Pathologic Anatomy and Cytology, Tangier, Morocco

Received 15 April 2013; Accepted 20 May 2013

Academic Editors: G. P. Vandoros and D. Yin

Copyright © 2013 Meryam Ben Ameur El Youbi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Although some mature cases of teratomas have recently been described in the cervix, they are not commonly found in the uterus, especially in immature forms. An immature uterine teratoma relapsing after surgery as malignant neuroepithelioma has never been reported in the literature. Case Presentation. We describe a case of immature teratoma which occurred primarily in the uterus in a 56-year-old female. Treatment consisted of total simple hysterectomy. Three months after surgery, the patient relapsed with voluminous pelvic mass and was treated with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin-containing chemotherapy regimen. Conclusion. In this report and according to the pertinent literature, clinical and pathological features and management of uterine immature teratomas are discussed. The mainstay of treatment is surgery. The prognosis of this unusual disease remains uncertain.