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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 9581395, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9581395
Case Report

Smooth Muscle Tumor Originating in the Pleura: A Case Report and Updated Literature Review

1Department of Hematology and Oncology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Ave, New York, NY 11201, USA
2Department of Internal Medicine, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Ave, New York, NY 11201, USA
3Department of Pathology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Ave, New York, NY 11201, USA

Received 15 July 2016; Accepted 14 August 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco A. Mauri

Copyright © 2016 Santiago Fabián Moscoso Martínez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) of the pleura are exceptionally rare. At present and to the best of these authors’ knowledge, there are only 17 cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of a 51-year-old woman who complained of left sided pleuritic chest pain. Further, computed tomography (CT) revealed a left sided localized pleural-based mass involving the 9th rib. She underwent an interventional radiology guided percutaneous core biopsy of the lesion, which disclosed a “Smooth Muscle Tumor of Undetermined Malignant Potential (SMT-UMP).” A video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was performed for diagnosis and treatment purposes. Resections of the pleural-based mass and 9th rib were performed. SMT-UMP was the definitive diagnosis.