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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4524910, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4524910
Case Report

Tracheal Chondrosarcoma: Systematic Review of Tumor Characteristics, Diagnosis, and Treatment Outcomes with Case Report

1School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, 11175 Campus St., Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Loma Linda University Medical Center, 11234 Anderson St., Suite 2586A, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Loma Linda University Medical Center, 11234 Anderson St., Suite 1637, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Emily A. Kutzner; ude.ull@renztuke

Received 5 January 2017; Revised 31 March 2017; Accepted 26 April 2017; Published 23 May 2017

Academic Editor: Ossama W. Tawfik

Copyright © 2017 Emily A. Kutzner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To our knowledge this is the first systematic review of tracheal chondrosarcoma treatment outcomes. Management insights are thoroughly discussed. Men constitute 93.8% of cases, and most of these occur in the distal trachea. The most common symptom, dyspnea, occurs in virtually all patients. Extratracheal extension had occurred in 78.6% of patients. Definitive treatment with tracheal resection showed no recurrences in 10 patients with mean follow-up of 3.1 years. Adjuvant radiotherapy may be utilized for improving local control when open complete resection cannot be performed, but only after endoscopic excision of gross tumor.