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Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 618367, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/618367
Case Report

A Para-Canalicular Abscess Resembling an Inflamed Chalazion

1Laboratory of Experimental Opthalmology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2Laboratory of Anatomical Pathology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece

Received 13 March 2013; Accepted 8 May 2013

Academic Editors: H. Atilla, A. A. Bialasiewicz, and N. Fuse

Copyright © 2013 Diamantis Almaliotis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Lacrimal infections by Actinomyces are rare and commonly misdiagnosed for long periods of time. They account for 2% of all lacrimal diseases. Case Report. We report a case of a 70-year-old female patient suffering from a para-canalicular abscess in the medial canthus of the left eye, beside the lower punctum lacrimale, resembling a chalazion. Purulence exited from the punctum lacrimale due to inflammation of the inferior canaliculus (canaliculitis). When pressure was applied to the mass, a second exit of purulence was also observed under the palpebral conjunctiva below the lacrimal caruncle. A surgical excision was performed followed by administration of local antibiotic therapy. The histopathological examination of the extracted mass revealed the existence of actinomycosis. Conclusion. Persistent or recurrent infections and lumps of the eyelids should be thoroughly investigated. Actinomyces as a causative agent should be considered. Differential diagnosis is broad and should include canaliculitis, chalazion, and multiple types of neoplasias. For this reason, in nonconclusive cases, a histopathological examination should be performed.