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Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 9858291, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9858291
Case Report

Full-Thickness Macular Hole Formation after Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling: Beware the “Omega Sign

1Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, OH, USA
2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
3Department of Ophthalmology, Bahcesehir University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Received 6 July 2016; Accepted 28 August 2016

Academic Editor: Cristiano Giusti

Copyright © 2016 Robert A. Sisk and Okan Toygar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To introduce a clinical sign on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), which may indicate high risk for full-thickness macular hole formation after internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. Methods. The preoperative SDOCT images of two patients—one with multilaminar hemorrhage from ruptured retinal artery macroaneurysm and one with serous retinal detachment and severe macular schisis from optic pit maculopathy—who developed full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) after ILM peeling were evaluated retrospectively. Results. On the preoperative SDOCT images of both patients there was a thin bridge of tissue on either side of the foveal center with an outer retinal defect. The photoreceptors were displaced laterally away from the foveal center to create an “omega-” shaped configuration of the remaining tissue. Conclusion. “Omega-” shaped configuration on SDOCT may represent a higher risk of FTMH following ILM peeling. Vitreoretinal surgeons may wish to consider this sign in the process of their surgical decision making.