Case Reports in Orthopedics has been accepted into ESCIGo to Table of Contents
Case Reports in Orthopedics publishes case reports and case series related to arthroplasty, foot and ankle surgery, hand surgery, joint replacement, limb reconstruction, pediatric orthopaedics, sports medicine, trauma etc.
Case Reports in Orthopedics maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
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Spinal Accessory Nerve Injury following Spinal Adjustment: Case Report and Literature Review of the Outcome of Accessory Nerve Pathology as Result of Blunt Trauma (Spinal Accessory Nerve Palsy after Spinal Adjustment)
Spinal accessory nerve palsy (SANP) is rare and is commonly presented following iatrogenic injury. Their diagnosis is often missed on initial presentation. Injury following blunt trauma is rare, with few cases reported in literature describing blunt-associated SANP and their treatment and recovery. We present and discuss a case of SANP following an aggressive soft tissue adjustment by an uncertified individual that has been responsive to nonsurgical measures over 18 months. We also reviewed the related literature on similar cases that were presented as result of direct pressure on the nerve from soft tissue manipulation or heavy lifting and their outcome following treatment. Chiropractic is generally a safe complimentary medicine and must only be practiced by trained personnel. We found that blunt-caused SANP injuries should initially be treated conservatively as they are likely to respond and recover unlike when presented following invasive trauma accordingly to what we found in literature.
Reverse Posterior Interosseous Artery Flap for Human Bite Injury to the Hand
Bite injuries frequently occur on human hands. Human bite injuries to the hand may lead to an infection because of limited soft tissue protection and wound contamination. However, no studies have reported severe bite injuries on hands treated by flaps. We report a case of an 80-year-old woman diagnosed with a major neurocognitive disorder. The patient accidentally had a self-bite injury accompanied with an open metacarpal fracture. Debridement and fixation of the first metacarpal fracture were performed. Afterward, skin necrosis occurred gradually on the dorsum of the hand. Therefore, a reverse posterior interosseous artery (PIA) flap was used, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Given the high risk of infection, human bite injuries, particularly hand bites, should be treated immediately. Delayed treatment for such injuries may lead to extensive soft tissue defects requiring reconstruction with flaps.
Two Cases of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation and Fracture Secondary to Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizure
Dislocation of the glenohumeral joint secondary to generalized tonic-clonic seizures is well documented in the medical literature, with posterior dislocation being most commonly described. Still, these occurrences tend to be rare and affect a minority of patients, and fractures associated with dislocations after seizures are even less common. As such, the management of these injuries tends to be quite varied, and there is a paucity of documented cases in the literature. Here, we would like to present two rare cases of anterior shoulder dislocation secondary to seizures, with one patient also sustaining a fracture of the proximal humerus. We would also like to discuss the management and outcomes that have been achieved, since these cases tend to occur in a small number of epileptic patients.
Atraumatic Bilateral Patella Fracture in Middle-Aged Female: A Rare Case Report
The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body and an important structure of the extensor apparatus which is under undue stress during flexion and extension of the knee. Bilateral fracture of the patella without trauma is a very rare event and may be multifactorial without a single cause. A repetitive stress reaction in a previously predisposed bone can be an important cause. We report a case of a 45-year-old female with a nontraumatic bilateral transverse patella fracture with loss of extensor mechanism. A stable surgical fixation for such a displaced fracture with a good rehabilitation program can lead to a good functional outcome.
Surgical Management of Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major Tears in a Water-Skiing Injury: A Case Report and Literature Review
Tears of the latissimus dorsi and/or teres major tendons are uncommon, with no definitive management. Surgical repair has been reported in high-level athletes, mostly in baseball players. Simultaneous tears of both latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons are rare, with little known of surgical intervention outcomes. We report on the first published case of surgical repair of both latissimus dorsi and teres major tendon tears from a water-skiing injury in a 45-year-old male with favorable outcomes.
First Clinical Case of Ilizarov Femur Lengthening over a Bioactive and Degradable Intramedullary Implant
Introduction. The Ilizarov distraction osteogenesis is a recognized method of limb lengthening in orthopaedic practice. Its most challenging problems are long duration of external fixation and related pin-tract infection and joint contractures. The solution might be the use of a bioactive degradable intramedullary implant stimulating bone healing. Case Presentation. We present a case of a 14-year-old boy with 6 cm posttraumatic shortening of the femur and associated varus deformity of 20 degrees. He was treated with the Ilizarov technique of femur lengthening over an intramedullary degradable polycaprolactone (PCL) implant with hydroxyapatite (HA) filling. We faced no complications within the lengthening process. Shortening and deformity of the femur were corrected in 90 days. The index of external fixation was 15 days/cm. External fixation time was reduced almost twice comparing to the conventional method. Degradable intramedullary nails ensured the advantage of avoidance of the removal procedure. Radiography and CT confirmed faster new bone healing and remodeling. Conclusion. The combined lengthening technique over a PCL/HA implant might be used to shorten external fixation time and to stimulate bone healing especially in patients with compromised bone. Using a bioabsorbable material presents the benefit of eliminating the need for a second surgery to remove the nail, thereby reducing soft tissue damage.