Table 1: Outcome scores and physical examination data: visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, Western Ontario rotator cuff index (WORC), the American shoulder and elbow surgeons standardized shoulder assessment form (ASES), simple shoulder test (SST), disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, short form 36 (SF-36), and shoulder range of motion (ROM) measurements.

Postinjury months (fracture repaired at 6 months after injury)
3 months
after Injury
4 months
after Injury
6 months
after injury
12 months
after injury
Hardware removal
15 months
after injury
20 months
after injury
26 months
after injury

Active forward flexion70°170°170°
WingingYes Yes No No No
10 cm VAS pain on typical day
(best = 0)
ASES score
(best = 100)
WORC score
(best = 0 (100%))
Simple shoulder test
(best = 12 yes responses)
DASH score
(best = 0)

Short form-36*

Physical functioning40.
Role limitations due to physical health0.050.075.0100.0
Role limitations due to emotional problems100.0100.0100.0100.0
Emotional wellbeing80.
Social functioning 50.0100.0100.0100.0
General health70.

Number of yes responses/number of questions (“yes” responses correlate with better shoulder function than “no” responses). Twelve “yes” responses are possible.
*All questions are scored from 0 to 100, with 100 representing the highest level of functioning possible. Aggregate scores are compiled as a percentage of the total points possible, using the RAND scoring table.